Two Rwandan genocide fugitives with the highest bounty on them has remain on the run 30 years on ahead of the commemoration of the deadliest period in the country’s history.
Charles Sikubwabo and Ryandikayo (who has no first name) are the only perpetrators not brought to book yet ahead of the Kwibuka 30-year commemoration of the Tutsi genocide of 1994.
Since May 2020, investigators from the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals arrested two fugitives, Félicien Kabuga in Paris and Fulgence Kayishema in Cape Town, and confirmed the deaths of another four – Augustin Bizimana, Protais Mpiranya, Phénéas Munyarugarama, and recently Aloys Ndimbati.
Investigators announced in November they had established Ndimbati died in 1997. His death, according to Mark Simonoff, the US’ legal advisor to the UN, denied his victims and those affected justice.
The mechanism’s ongoing work with the government of Rwanda remains essential as Rwanda looks to commemorate 30 years since the genocide against the Tutsis in April next year.
During the genocide, Sikubwabo was the mayor of the Gishyita commune in Kibuye Prefecture. He is suspected to have instigated the massacres of people in churches in Mubuga and elsewhere in the Bisesero area.
He is believed to be hiding in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Ryandikayo was the manager of a restaurant in the Mubuga sector of Gishyita commune during the genocide and is accused of inciting a massacre at Mubuga Church by directing members of the Gendarmerie Nationale, community police, Interahamwe militias, and armed citizens to attack and kill people inside. Ryandikayo is also suspected of having a direct role in the killings.
Despite a bounty of R95 million on each of them for information that could lead to their arrests, the two individuals remain at large.
The US and UK have called for international support to track them down.